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Insulin Administration

  • What is Insulin Administration?

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreatic cells. It controls the blood glucose (sugar) levels and helps the body cells to convert glucose to energy, or to store it. People with type 1 diabetes suffer from an absolute lack of insulin in the body, due to the destruction of the pancreatic cells responsible for insulin secretion.

    To survive, type 1 diabetes patients need daily injections of insulin into the body, a process known as insulin administration. Type 2 diabetes patients might also need insulin, if the body requires more insulin that it can produce.

  • If you are a type 1 diabetes patient, daily insulin administration is needed to control your blood sugar levels. The exact dose of insulin needed is individualised and is calculated by your doctor. If an insulin overdose occurs, the blood sugar concentration can become too low, leading to coma, and even death. Conversely, insufficient insulin dosage can also cause coma. Testing the blood glucose levels is needed to distinguish between the 2 types of comas.

    A low blood sugar level means the patient has received an overdose of insulin. If the levels are high, it means they have not received enough insulin. In the case of insulin overdose-induced coma, orange juice, table sugar, or any other pure form of sugar is usually given to raise the blood sugar level, or glucose is injected into the blood stream. 

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