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  • Gleneagles Singapore

Pneumonia

  • What is Pneumonia?

    Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. It can affect anyone of any age however, the elderly (from 65 years old) and young children are most vulnerable to these infections. Pneumonia blocks the normal exchange of gas inside the lungs, which leads to low levels of the oxygen in the blood and poor removal of carbon dioxide from the body. The severity of pneumonia ranges from mild to life threatening.

  • Pneumonia can affect anyone at any age and it can usually be triggered by a cold or a bout of flu.

    • People who have a weakened immune system due to AIDS or cancer, are also at high risk of developing pneumonia.
    • Various micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites can cause pneumonia.
    • Young children are considered most prone to pneumonia, as well as the elderly, who may suffer from chronic illnesses such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes and congestive heart failure.

    Viral pneumonia often affects people living in areas where there are epidemics of respiratory viral infections including SARS and flu.

  • Symptoms associated with pneumonia differ considerably depending on the cause and the health condition of the patient. These may include:

    • Blue tinge to skin, lips, tongue and fingertips due to lack of oxygen
    • Breathing difficulty and wheezing
    • Chest pain when breathing and coughing
    • Coughing
    • Fever and chills
    • Green or yellow-coloured sputum
  • Treatment of pneumonia depends on the agent that triggered the infection. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and suggest the treatments that suit you best. These may include:

    • Antibiotics to treat bacterial pneumonia
    • Antiviral medication to treat viral pneumonia
    • Hospitalisation may be required for severe cases of pneumonia to receive intravenous antibiotics and oxygen supply
    • Medication to alleviate pneumonia symptoms including cough, fever, chest pains and muscle aches (given together with suggested antibiotics and antiviral medication)
    • Plenty of bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of fluid may be enough to treat mild viral pneumonia
    • Acute respiratory distress syndrome if pneumonia affects both lungs, leading to gas exchange failure
    • Bacteraemia (due to bacteria entering the blood)
    • Emphysema (infection of the lung airways)
    • Lung abscess (pus build up)
    • Pleural effusion (fluid accumulation between chest wall and the lung)
    • Septic shock can trigger circulation failure and lead to kidney failure and blood clotting abnormalities
  • Our Specialists

    There are 11 SpecialistsView All

    • Alvin Ng Choon Yong

      Specialty:
      Internal Medicine
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-02, Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64755118
    • Chan Ping Wah Kenneth

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory Medical Associates
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-14
      Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64739984
    • Chew Huck Chin

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory Medical Associates
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-14
      Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      6473 9984
    • Goh Teck Chong

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      T C Goh Medical And Resp Clinic P/L
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #10-01
      Gleneagles Medical Ctr
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64795897
    • Jim Teo Yeow Kwan

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-02, Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64755118
    • John Law Lik Muk

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-02, Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64755118
    • Lee Kang Hoe

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Asian American Liver Centre
      Location:
      6A Napier Road #02-37
      Gleneagles Medical Centre Annexe Block
      Singapore 258500
      Contact No:
      64762088
    • Lo Pau Lin Constance

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory Medical Associates
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-14
      Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64739984
    • Steve Yang Tze Yi

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #07-02, Gleneagles Medical Centre
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64755118
    • Tan Yoke Khim

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      Respiratory & Med Specialists P/L
      Location:
      6 Napier Road #06-02
      Gleneagles Medical Ctr
      Singapore 258499
      Contact No:
      64711930

    There are 11 SpecialistsView All

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