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Rotator Cuff Injury

  • What is Rotator Cuff Injury?

    The Rotator Cuff is the network of four muscles and several tendons that form a covering around the top of the upper arm bone (Humerus). The Rotator Cuff holds the Humerus in place in the shoulder joint and enables the arm to rotate. Rotator Cuff Injury and Inflammation is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain.

    There are 3 common types Rotator Cuff Injury:

    • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
    • Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome
    • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis is caused by irritation and inflammation of the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles. This may be due to an injury or to overuse of the shoulder. It can occur in athletes who participate in throwing sports or in non-athletes with a history of recent heavy lifting or activities involving repetitive movements of the shoulder.

    In Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome, the Rotator Cuff Tendon becomes trapped and the tendon is repeatedly scraped against the shoulder blade, leading to fraying of the tendon and possible tear.

    Rotator Cuff Tears are tears in the Rotator Cuff Tendon rather than in the muscles. Rotator Cuff Tear normally happens as a result of a fall or accident in younger people. In older people, they are usually caused by Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome.

    • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis — Generalised shoulder pain, or pain that worsens with overhead activities or at night
    • Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome — Chronic pain that worsens with overhead activities or at night
    • Rotator Cuff Tear — Pain and weakness.
  • Treatment varies according to the type of injury.

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