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Gastritis

  • What is Gastritis?

    Gastritis is a swelling of the stomach lining. It can be either acute, with severe attacks that last for a couple of days, or chronic, with long-term nausea and appetite loss. If not treated, gastritis can result in severe complications.

  • There are many possible causes for gastritis such as:

    • After surgery, burns or traumatic injury
    • Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Infection caused by helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacteria found in the lining of the stomach, which can weaken the protective coating and therefore result in digestive juices reaching the stomach lining
    • Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen
    • Stress and chronic vomiting (observed in bulimia cases)
  • In most cases, gastritis may not result in any symptoms. The most common symptoms of gastritis include:

    • Black stool due to blood in the bowel actions
    • Blood in your vomit
    • Burning feeling in the upper abdomen
    • Hiccups
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea and indigestion
    • Pain in the upper abdomen
    • Vomiting
    • Weight loss
  • The treatment of gastritis depends on the cause of your condition. Your doctor will assess your condition and suggest the most suitable treatments, including:

    • Acid control medications to neutralise acid levels in the stomach
    • Antibiotics to kill the bacteria if you are infected with H. pylori
    • Painkillers, such as those containing acetaminophen

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    • Anaemia
    • Dehydration
    • Kidney problems
    • Stomach cancer
    • Stomach ulcers and scarring

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    There are 17 SpecialistsView All