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Stomach Cancer

  • What is Stomach Cancer?

    Stomach cancer (also called gastric cancer) is an abnormal growth of tissue in the stomach. The cancer usually starts in the cells lining the inside of the stomach. It can form a tumour or ulcer (painful sore) within the stomach or spread through the wall of the stomach.

  • People with stomach cancer often have an infection with H. Pylori (a bacterium), but not everyone who has this infection will develop stomach cancer. Stomach cancer is more common in East Asian than Western countries.

    You may be at risk if you:

    • Are older than 50 years
    • Eat a lot of smoked foods, salted fish and meat, and pickled foods – eating fruits and vegetables high in vitamins A and C lowers the risk of stomach cancer
    • Have a family member who had stomach cancer
    • Have pernicious anaemia, which prevents you from absorbing enough vitamin B12
    • Have chronic gastritis, a long-term inflammation (swelling) of the stomach
    • Smoke tobacco
  • Early stomach cancer often does not cause symptoms. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:

    • Chronic abdominal pain
    • Loss of appetite
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Other health problems can cause stomach pain (dyspepsia), including acid reflux or gastritis. Less common symptoms of stomach cancer include:
      1. Anaemia (lack of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood)
      2. Passing black stools, which is a sign of bleeding
      3. Vomiting
  • Treatment for stomach cancer includes:

    • Surgery to remove part or all of the stomach, or to reduce complications from the tumour if it is at a late stage
    • Chemotherapy, sometimes given with radiation therapy after surgery, or to reduce symptoms if you cannot have surgery
    • Radiation therapy (high-energy x-rays), sometimes given with chemotherapy, to destroy any remaining cancer cells after surgery
    • Targeted therapy to stop the growth and spread of cancer cells
  • Our Specialists

    There are 33 SpecialistsView All

    There are 33 SpecialistsView All