Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine that studies and treats diseases affecting the heart and the arteries. Our cardiovascular system is responsible for pumping and circulating blood throughout the body. Some examples of such diseases include coronary artery disease, heart failure, congenital heart defects and valvular heart disease. Cardiologists are trained to diagnose and treat these diseases. Some common tests and procedures that may be carried out by your cardiologist would include blood tests, electrocardiograms and echocardiograms.
Cardiothoracic surgery is the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the chest. This generally refers to the treatment of heart and lung diseases. Cardiothoracic surgeons are trained to perform surgery on the heart, lungs, chest wall and diaphragm. Treatments for heart diseases such as coronary artery bypass and heart transplants can be executed by surgeons trained in the cardiothoracic specialty.
Advanced Surgical Procedures