Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that is done to remove your uterus (womb). Depending on the reason for the hysterectomy, it may be performed through an incision in the abdomen (abdominal hysterectomy) or through the vagina (vaginal hysterectomy).
Abdominal hysterectomy is usually done if the uterus is large from a fibroid or tumour, while a vaginal hysterectomy is usually done for a prolapsed uterus. Occasionally, laparoscopic or ‘keyhole’ surgery is done as a minimally invasive procedure.
Sometimes, your ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed in addition to the uterus and cervix. The decision to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes depends on the reason for surgery. Hysterectomy is usually done only when all other treatments have been tried.