Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure that is done to remove one or both of your ovaries. Your ovaries are small almond-shaped organs on each side of the uterus in your pelvis. Your ovaries contain eggs and produce the hormones that control your menstrual cycle.
Oophorectomy can be done alone, but it is often done as part of a larger surgery to remove your uterus (hysterectomy). Oophorectomy may also be done with surgery to remove your fallopian tubes (salpingectomy) as the ovaries and fallopian tubes share a common blood supply. When these two procedures are combined, it is called salpingo-oophorectomy.