Your doctor will speak to you about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical examination. Signs of head and neck cancers may be detected easily by examining the oral and nasal cavities, and the neck, throat and tongue for lumps or sores.
Your doctor will likely recommend diagnostic tests such as:
Head and neck cancers are considered to be treatable at all stages.
Generally, treatment for head and neck cancer will depend on the type of cancer, its location and stage, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. Your doctor will recommend a suitable treatment plan based on these factors while also considering your overall health.
The main treatment options for head and neck cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Others include targeted therapy and immunotherapy.
Chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy may be used alone or in combination.
For early stage head and neck cancers, typically only surgery or radiotherapy is sufficient.
For advanced head and neck cancers, combination therapy is necessary, either surgery followed by radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, or chemoradiation followed by surgery as necessary.