Hepatoblastoma is a very rare type of liver cancer that happens in young children. The cancer disrupts the normal functioning of the liver, which plays a vital role in filtering toxins, maintaining healthy blood sugar levels, and regulating blood clotting.
Like other cancers, hepatoblastoma may also spread to other parts of the body, particularly the lungs and the lymph nodes around the belly and bones.
Hepatoblastoma is more likely to occur in children who were born premature with very low birth weights, or who have certain genetic disorders.
Children with hepatoblastoma may experience symptoms differently, depending on the size of the tumour and if it has spread from the liver to other organs.
The most common symptom of hepatoblastoma is a swollen lump in the belly.
Other symptoms may include:
If your child shows any of these symptoms, bring them to see a doctor as early as possible.
The exact cause of hepatoblastoma is unknown. However, there are a few risk factors that may affect your child's chances of getting this type of cancer.
Certain genetic or medical conditions may increase the risk of developing hepatoblastoma. These include: