Hip arthritis is a painful condition of the hip, characterised by progressive wearing away of the cartilage of the joint. While there are several types of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis and lupus arthritis, hip arthritis is among the most frequent causes of hip pain.
The most common type of hip arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is often referred to as ‘wear-and-tear’ arthritis. In this type of arthritis, the normal smooth cartilage wears away until bare bone is exposed.
In most cases, pain around the hip joint develops slowly and worsens over time. It may feel worse after prolonged inactivity such as upon waking in the morning, or after sitting or resting for some time. It could also progress to the point where it is felt even while you are resting.
Common symptoms may include:
Hip arthritis usually affects patients older than 50 years and is also common in those who are overweight. Some unusual causes of arthritis are:
As osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, it can progress and lead to complications which include:
In addition, the chronic pain from osteoarthritis is also linked to sleep disruption, anxiety and depression, reduced productivity and activity, weight gain and increased risk of falls or injury.