Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
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As women navigate their 30s, juggling roles as daughters, friends, colleagues, wives, and mothers, it becomes crucial to prioritise health. Let's explore important questions about physiological and lifestyle changes in a woman's 30s, uncovering strategies for aging well in this decade.
While it's true that being in your 30s is relatively young, it's an opportune time to prioritise your health. Natural physiological changes occur at every stage of life. For women in their 30s, these changes include a decrease in muscle tone and bone density, a slower metabolism and loss of skin elasticity. Additionally, women in their 30s often face stress from both personal and professional circumstances, with research indicating a higher prevalence of poor mental health among women compared to men.
One proactive step you can take is to start regular health screening. At 30 years old, health screening becomes particularly valuable. By addressing potential health concerns early, you can lay the foundation for a healthier future. Physical and emotional well-being are interconnected, and paying attention to both aspects is prudent for a balanced and fulfilling life.
Some women may face challenges in conceiving due to various reasons. Fertility tends to decrease in a woman's 30s, with an associated increase in the risk of pregnancy complications. In Singapore, it's common for women to have children later in life, often becoming mothers in their mid-to-late 30s, making the process of childbearing and motherhood a notable factor affecting a woman’s health.
Moreover, the gradual decline of oestrogen and progesterone can lead to changes in the menstrual cycle, such as longer, heavier, or more painful periods, which might sometimes make conception more difficult. For those considering pregnancy in their 30s, taking proactive measures can improve fertility and overall reproductive health. Seek advice from a healthcare professional for personalised guidance, including fertility screenings and discussions about family planning. Understanding the influence of age-related hormonal changes on the menstrual cycle is crucial. Additionally, addressing issues like vaginal dryness, which may impact sexual drive and conception, is a key aspect of a comprehensive fertility approach. Some women may find it beneficial to seek assistance for secondary infertility, ensuring a holistic and well-informed path towards conceiving and sustaining a healthy pregnancy.
Your skin is the largest organ and is easily affected by various factors, both historical and current. For example, years of sun exposure without protection will begin to show as dull skin or uneven pigmentation. Coupled with slower cell renewal, reduced production of collagen and weakening of elastin, this decade is when the most common signs of aging will start to appear. These include the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, as well as changes in skin tone and texture, such as roughness or dryness.
To help maintain your skin’s health, nourish it from both inside and out, with a balanced diet rich in antioxidants and good fats, and follow an appropriate skincare routine tailored to your skin type and needs. Lastly, don’t forget to protect your skin from sun damage with the use of broad-spectrum sunscreen.
Your metabolism gradually slows down and your body requires fewer calories as you get older. However, if your eating habits remain unchanged and you consume more calories than you can burn, the imbalance can lead to weight gain.
Being more disciplined about your diet and putting in more effort to engage in regular exercise are crucial for managing potential weight gain. As many women during this phase of life are also working mothers, consider getting creative about incorporating more activities into your day. This could involve playing with your children, merging exercise with a social activity such as yoga with your best friend followed by coffee, or simply following straightforward workouts in the comfort of your home with the help of online videos.
Stress often gets a bad rap, but it’s not always a bad thing. In some instances, it can spur you to accomplish more, but prolonged stress can take a toll on your physical and emotional health. Given that stress can permeate various aspects of our lives, from meeting the demands of work to navigating relationships and motherhood, it is crucial for women in their 30s to address and manage the source of stress before they lead to problems like anxiety, headaches, and even heart issues. Here are some additional strategies to consider:
Remember, managing stress is an ongoing process, and it's essential to tailor your approach to what works best for you. Finding a balance that suits your individual needs is key to maintaining overall well-being.
Certainly, there are lifestyle habits that warrant consideration due to their potential impact on health. Alterations in habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption, maintaining an unhealthy diet, and leading a physically inactive lifestyle have contributed to a surge in health issues, including the prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. This concern is not exclusive to a specific demographic, as evidenced by the findings of Singapore’s National Population Health Survey 2020.
The survey revealed that only 30.7% of women engage in regular exercise, emphasizing a potential area for improvement in the overall well-being of women. Additionally, the study highlighted that women smokers, on average, consume 10 cigarettes a day, underlining the need for increased awareness and intervention to address tobacco use among women.
Addressing these lifestyle habits is crucial for maintaining optimal health and preventing the onset of various health conditions. Adopting healthier alternatives, such as quitting smoking, moderating alcohol consumption, embracing a balanced and nutritious diet, and incorporating regular physical activity into one's routine, can significantly contribute to overall well-being. Additionally, raising awareness about the importance of a healthy lifestyle and providing support for individuals to make positive changes can contribute to the promotion of a healthier community.
It is never too late to make positive lifestyle changes, and taking proactive steps towards a healthier lifestyle can lead to long-term benefits for both physical and mental well-being.
The right time for women to start regular health screenings can vary based on individual factors, including age, family history, and personal health risks. However, here are some general guidelines:
It's crucial to note that these are general recommendations, and individual circumstances may vary. The best approach is to have open and honest discussions with your healthcare provider. They can help tailor a screening plan based on your personal health history, family history, and any specific risk factors you may have.
Early detection through regular screenings plays a key role in maintaining women's health and preventing potential health issues.