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General Surgery

  • Overview

    General Surgery, Gleneagles

    Contrary to what its name suggests, general surgery is a surgical specialty. It is a surgical discipline or specialty that includes, but is not restricted to surgical procedures performed on the intestines, liver, colon, pancreas, gall bladder, stomach, and thyroid gland.

    General surgeons may be trained to subspecialise in one of many areas. Some general surgeons are dedicated to transplant surgery, and must be ready at any time to harvest organs from suitable donors while others may focus on trauma surgery, breast surgery, colorectal surgery or vascular surgery.

    Subspecialties under general surgery include:

    • Breast
    • Colon and rectal (colorectal)
    • Hepatobiliary (liver, gall bladder and biliary tract) and pancreatic surgery
    • Injuries
    • Upper gastrointestinal
    • Vascular

    Laparoscopic Surgery

    Usually referred to as keyhole or minimally invasive surgery (MIS), laparoscopic surgery involves smaller surgical cuts (usually 0.5 – 1.5cm) as compared to the larger incisions in a laparotomy (open) surgery. A special camera known as a laparoscope, as well as specialised surgical instruments are then passed through the cuts to enable surgery. General surgeries that can be performed laparoscopically include:

    • Adrenalectomy (removal of the adrenal gland)
    • Appendicectomy (removal of appendix)
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder)
    • Colectomy (removal of part or all of colon)
    • Hernia repair
    • Repair of perforated peptic ulcer
    • Thoracoscopic sympathectomy (surgical treatment of sweaty palms syndrome)
  • Abdomen

    • Hernia (inguinal, femoral)
    • Retroperitoneal tumours

    Biliary Tree

    • Benign biliary strictures
    • Cancer of the gall bladder
    • Gallstones
    • Hepatic bile duct cancer

    Breast

    • Breast cancer
    • Cysts, lumps, nipple discharge

    Colon & Rectal

    • Bowel incontinence and pelvic disorders
    • Colorectal cancer
    • Diverticulitis
    • Intestinal obstruction
    • Irritable bowel disease
    • Piles

    Endocrine

    • Thyroid: nodules, cysts, cancer, hyperthyroidism

    Oesophageal & Stomach

    • Cancer of the stomach and oesophagus
    • Gastrointestinal tumours
    • Lymphoma
    • Morbid obesity
    • Peptic ulcer
    • Post-gastrectomy syndromes

    Head & Neck

    • Benign thyroid and parathyroid nodules (lumps)
    • Cancer of the ear, nose, throat, larynx (voice box)
    • Head and neck cancer
    • Metastasised cancer with an unknown primary
    • Obstructive airway
    • Thyroid and parathyroid cancer

    Liver

    • Benign tumours and cysts
    • Cholangiocarcinoma (cancer of the gall bladder and bile duct)
    • Portal hypertension
    • Primary and metastatic liver tumours

    Lymphatic System

    • Lymph nodes and cancer
    • Lymphatic obstruction

    Pancreas

    • Acute and chronic pancreatitis
    • Cystic tumours of the pancreas
    • Pancreatic and periampullary cancer

    Small Intestine

    • Diverticula
    • Malignant tumours of the small intestine
    • Obstruction and fistulae
    • Villous tumours of the duodenum

    Vascular Surgery (Arteries & Veins Outside the Heart & Brain)

    • Peripheral vascular disease (especially in diabetic patients)
    • Venous diseases including deep venous and arteriovenous malformations

     

    *This is not a complete list of all the conditions we recognise and treat. The information is designed for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.

    Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting on any treatment.

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