Contrary to what its name suggest, General Surgery is actually a surgical specialty. General surgery is surgical discipline or specialty that includes, but is not restricted to surgical procedures performed on the intestines, liver, colon, pancreas, gallbladder, stomach and thyroid gland.
General Surgeons may be trained to sub-specialise in one of many areas. Some general surgeons are dedicated to transplant surgery, and must be ready at any time to harvest organs from suitable donors whilst others yet, may focus on trauma surgery, breast surgery, colorectal surgery or vascular surgery.
Sub-specialties under General Surgery include:
- Colon and Rectal (Colorectal)
- Hepatobiliary (Liver, Gallbladder and Biliary Tract) and Pancreatic Surgery
- Upper Gastrointestinal
Usually referred to as keyhole or minimally invasive surgery (MIS), laparoscopic surgery involves smaller surgical incisions (usually 0.5 cm to 1.5cm) as compared to the larger incisions in a laparotomy (open) surgery. A special camera known as a laparoscope, as well as specialized surgical instruments are then passed through the incisions to facilitate surgery. General surgeries that can be performed laparoscopically include:
- Adrenalectomy(removal of the adrenal gland)
- Appendicectomy(removal of appendix)
- Bariatric surgery
- Cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder)
- Colectomy (removal of part or all of colon)
- Hernia repair
- Repair of perforated peptic ulcer
- Thoracoscopic sympathectomy (surgical treatment of sweaty palms syndrome)