General Surgery - Related Conditions

General surgery is associated with a wide range of body parts and conditions, such as:


  • Hernia (inguinal, femoral, umbilical)
  • Gastrointestinal tumours (GIST)
  • Neuroendocrine tumours
  • Retroperitoneal tumours

Biliary tree

  • Benign biliary strictures
  • Gallstones and bile duct stones
  • Cholecystitis (gall bladder infections)
  • Cancer of the gall bladder
  • Gall bladder polyps
  • Bile duct cancer


  • Breast cancer
  • Breast cysts and lumps
  • Breast infections and abscesses
  • Nipple discharge

Colon and rectum


  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid nodules and cysts
  • Parathyroid nodules and cancer
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal nodules

Head and neck

  • Head and neck cancer
  • Cancer of the ear, nose, throat
  • Metastasised cancer with an unknown primary


  • Liver cancer (Hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)
  • Bile duct cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)
  • Metastatic liver tumours (e.g. from colon cancer)
  • Benign liver tumours
  • Liver abscesses
  • Liver cysts

Lymphatic system

  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Lymphatic obstruction

Oesophagus and stomach

Pancreas and spleen

Small intestine

  • Diverticula
  • Malignant tumours of the small intestine
  • Villous tumours of the duodenum
  • Obstruction and fistulae

Vascular surgery

  • Aortic aneurysms
  • Diabetic limb salvage
  • Deep venous insufficiency
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Varicose veins and venous ulcers
  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Vascular access for dialysis

*This is not a complete list of all the conditions we recognise and treat. The information is designed for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.

Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting on any treatment.

This page has been reviewed by our medical content reviewers.

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