To diagnose flat foot, the doctor will assess the symptoms and evaluate how flexible the foot and ankle might be. The doctor will also examine how the arches look while standing, sitting and walking. An X-ray or scan may be recommended to provide the doctor with a view of the bones and tendons to confirm the diagnosis.
Flat foot can be treated non-surgically and surgically:
Treatment for flat foot is usually not necessary for those who do not experience any symptoms. In mild cases, there are ways to prevent it from getting worse and for those who experience severe symptoms, there are treatments that can help. If treatment is required, the doctor will recommend non-surgical options first, with surgery as a last resort.
Non-surgical treatments can help to relieve pain and stiffness. These may include one or more of the following:
Surgery for flat foot may be recommended if non-surgical treatments are unable to adequately relieve painful symptoms. Depending on the individual, different types of surgery may be performed to create an arch, repair tendons, or lengthen the Achilles tendon.