Haemorrhoids (Piles) - Diagnosis & Treatment

How are haemorrhoids diagnosed?

Your doctor can diagnose haemorrhoids through:

  • Visual examination of your anus
  • Digital examination, where your doctor checks your rectum for unusual growths
  • Additional tests which use a small camera to detect any abnormalities in your anus, rectum or colon

How are haemorrhoids treated?

The treatment of haemorrhoids or piles depends on the type and severity of your condition. Make an appointment with our specialists for an accurate diagnosis and start your treatment early.

Your doctor may recommend the following treatments:

Lifestyle changes

These are simple preventative measures to allow regular bowel motions without straining. Examples include increasing your fibre intake and drinking plenty of water.

Home remedies

These are measures to provide relief from itch or pain. They include the use of:

  • Hydrocortisone
  • Haemorrhoid cream, tablets or suppositories
  • Over-the-counter pain medication
  • Warm baths or cold compresses


Your doctor may prescribe oral medications to treat haemorrhoids.

Rubber band ligation

A band will be placed around the haemorrhoid, which will cut off the blood circulation to part of the haemorrhoid. This treatment should only be performed by a medical practitioner.

Injection therapy

Your doctor will inject a chemical directly into the blood vessel to reduce its size. This is also known as sclerotherapy.


Your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the haemorrhoids. Known as haemorrhoidectomy, this surgery is performed under local, spinal or general anaesthesia.

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