The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. It performs important functions such as:
A breakdown or disruption in any of these processes may lead to severe complications. Left untreated, advanced liver diseases can cause liver failure or death.
Learn more about the common diseases that affect the liver:
Hepatitis refers to the swelling of the liver cells. It can be caused by:
Hepatitis A, B and C are common forms of viral hepatitis. Each type of viral hepatitis spreads through different methods and requires unique treatment methods.
Learn more about hepatitis A, B and C, as well as the treatments we offer.
Fatty liver disease occurs when too much fat is stored in your liver. Fat is stored in the liver when the body creates too much fat or cannot process fat fast enough.
Though it is normal for the liver to contain some fat, fat should not make up more than 5% of your liver's weight.
Fatty liver disease usually has no symptoms and is a reversible condition. There are 2 main types of fatty liver disease:
Liver fibrosis is the formation of large amounts of scar tissue in the liver. Scar tissues form when healthy liver cells attempt to self-repair in response to serious or long-term injury or inflammation in the liver.
Repeated or long-lasting injuries can cause scar tissue to build up in the liver. Unlike healthy liver cells, these scar tissues cannot regenerate or function well, contributing to liver hardening and failure.
Liver fibrosis can result from different liver diseases and conditions. The main causes include:
Other causes include:
In its early stages, liver fibrosis does not usually cause symptoms. As more of the liver is damaged, you may start to experience symptoms such as:
Liver fibrosis can be slowed and even stopped or reversed if detected early. Treatments generally focus on the disease that is damaging the liver, or lifestyle changes. Your doctor may recommend:
Speak to our gastroenterologists for the diagnosis and treatment of liver fibrosis.
Liver cirrhosis refers to severe scarring of the liver. Scarring occurs when healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue.
If the liver is continually injured, it can result in large amounts of scar tissue and damage your liver functions. This damage is permanent — the more scar tissue there is, the harder it is for your liver to function.
If you have major liver damage, you may experience symptoms such as:
Learn more about liver cirrhosis and its treatments.
Liver cancer is an abnormal growth of tissue in the liver. It is more common in Asia than in Western countries. The most common causes of liver cancer include:
Liver cancer may also be caused by inherited liver conditions and a poison called aflatoxin (found in mouldy peanuts, wheat, soy and grain).
In its early stage, liver cancer often does not present symptoms. As it develops, symptoms may include:
Find out more about liver cancer and its treatments.