Neurosurgery may be required to treat neurological conditions such as brain tumours, neurovascular disorders, spine disorders and head injuries. Examples of neurological conditions include:
Acoustic neuromas are non-cancerous and usually slow-growing tumours that develop on the main (vestibular) nerve leading from your inner ear to your brain.
Other tumours and neuro-oncology conditions include:
Other conditions related to brain tumours and neuro-oncology include:
The cranial base, also known as the skull base, is a bony shelf that separates the brain from the eyes, nasal cavities, ear canals and upper neck. Every nerve that connects the brain with the rest of the body must pass through this area.
Examples of cranial or skull base disorders include:
Dementia is an illness that leads to a decline in mental, judgemental, and behavioural abilities. Types of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia (caused by multiple brain strokes).
Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal. This may cause seizures or periods of unusual behaviour, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.
A person is diagnosed with epilepsy when they have had two or more seizures. Seizures can affect both sides of the brain (generalised seizures) or just one area of the brain (focal seizures).
Movement disorders refer to a group of neurological conditions that result in disorders of normal body movements, such as Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder that is characterised by arm or leg tremors, stiffness of limbs or body, slow movement and stability problems when walking or standing.
Conditions related to head or spine injury include:
Sudden injury may cause bleeding in the brain or skull, resulting in the following conditions:
Neurovascular conditions are diseases or disorders that occur within your brain's blood vessels, such as:
Sleep disorders can negatively affect physical health and emotional well-being, impairing quality of life. There are a number of neurological conditions that can interfere with the brain's control of sleep and wakefulness, causing disruption of normal sleep patterns.
The peripheral nervous system connects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) to the rest of the body. Conditions that affect the spine and peripheral nerves include:
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. The brain can incur damage in a short period of time as a result.
Strokes can be classified as either haemorrhagic (when a blood vessel ruptures and bleeds) or ischemic (when blood flow to an area is compromised).
*This is not a complete list of all the conditions that we recognise and treat. The information provided is for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.
Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting any treatment.