Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common medical condition in Singapore. According to Ministry of Health Singapore, 1 in 5 adults aged 18 – 69 years have high blood pressure. It is also one of the top 10 principal causes of death.
When the blood is pumped around the body at abnormally high pressure, it is called high blood pressure. Blood pressure is usually recorded as 2 numbers, namely the systolic (the upper number) and diastolic blood pressure (the lower number). Systolic blood pressure refers to the pressure your blood is exerting against the artery wall when the heart contracts, while diastolic blood pressure indicates the pressure your blood is exerting against the artery wall when the heart relaxes.
Blood pressure that stays persistently 140/90 mmHg and above is considered high, and the person is said to have high blood pressure or hypertension. If you encounter this condition, it is best to consult a doctor to check on your health.